7 Reasons for Healthy Fitness Through Cycling

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People try many methods to indulge in body weight for health reasons or for appearance. From the diet, consume slimming products, to follow the modern program to achieve the desired results, etc. A lot of fitness complaints submitted are that the results did not last long and are expensive. Then, ultimately, someone gets bored for repeating the same exercises everyday.

If you have already tried many methods and still didn’t feel pleasant with the result, try indoor or outdoor cycling. Outdoor cycling will be an adventure everyday.

Cycling on a regular basis is one of the most enjoyable and effective exercise to do because for the 7 reasons below.

1. Didn’t need a lot of money and can be done in accordance with our wishes. Especially with indoor cycling, you can time it with a class or do it at home.

2. Improve mood and energy, so that we can work every day with a happily.

3. Cycling strengthens all your muscles because the movement of the body incorporates your legs, arms, and core.

4. Cycling trains our body’s coordination and balance. By doing cycling, all of our body works at the same time. This is good to train your focus and your muscles all at once.

5. Cycling on a regular basis increases the ability of the heart and lungs.

6. Cycling can lower blood sugar and blood pressure, which means reducing the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and other chronic diseases.

7. Cycling on a regular basis can reduce body fat and you can lose weight.

Bonus Reason for cycling. #8 About the benefits of cycling, there are studies conducted in Germany to prove that a person who exercises cycling regularly at speeds 1-15 km/h (at least one hour per day) is more immune to the flu than people who do not do cycling. This is because the metabolism of people who do cycling regularly are strong and have better stamina as well.

These are 7 reasons why I like to cycle. And now, you can use this as your motivation to start your fitness through cycling.

Do it regularly! Cycle for at least 30 minutes, at least 3 times a week. Feel the change in energy, mood, fitness, and most importantly get the weight loss as a bonus! Let’s start now! Build your passion for cycling as I have. It will be an amazing journey and ‘ride’ for you.

toyota jombang

How Horse Riding Apparel & Equipment Can Help Riders Beat the Heat

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All winter long, you look forward to the warm days of summer, knowing how much you will enjoy going pleasure riding and trail riding without the discomfort of freezing temperatures. Now that summer is here, you might be wondering what on Earth you had been thinking as the sweat drips into eyes and your horse has never seemed more irritated or lethargic.

Your trail and pleasure rides of summer can be made far more safe and comfortable with the appropriate horse riding apparel, horse riding equipment and the proper hydration. As you and your horse sweat, you lose critical amounts of water that your bodies need to function and stay cool. Providing your horse and yourself with significant increases in fresh, cool water is the first step to making your summer pleasure rides safer and more enjoyable.

A Well Cared For Horse Is A Happy Horse

Your horse will be far more responsive and manageable on your summer trail and pleasure rides if he or she is healthy, hydrated and wearing the appropriate horse riding equipment. Salt is a critical component of summer health, as it allows you and your horse to hang on to as much water as possible. Be sure that your horse has access to a mineralized salt lick and plenty of fresh, cool water whenever possible. Excessive sweating, in horses as well as people, can result in a serious loss of fluids and electrolytes, a potentially fatal situation.

The proper horse riding equipment is equally important. During the summer months, you will want to use the lightest saddle possible and a saddle blanket or saddle pad that prevents chaffing as it wicks away moisture. In addition, you will want to keep your other horse riding equipment to a minimum. If a piece of horse riding equipment is not necessary to your safety or the management of your horse leave it in the tack room. Your horse needs to sweat to stay cool. Too much equipment can interfere with this natural process, resulting in an overheated animal that will be less cooperative at best and in danger of hypothermia in the worst-case situation.

Your Head Isn’t The Only Thing You Need To Keep Cool When Riding In Summer

Everyone knows that a cool head is necessary when riding horses. Being the panicky creatures that they are, horses often overreact and put themselves and their riders at risk as their flight response takes over. To help you stay cool, calm and collected, you need to wear horse riding apparel that allows you to be physically comfortable while maintaining good contact with your horse during the hot summer months.

Luckily, there are many fabrics that take advantage of modern technology to wick away moisture while allowing you to maintain good contact with your horse. The stars of summer horse riding apparel are cotton and bamboo. These materials are naturally breathable, which means they help your skin stay cool as your sweat evaporates. Both fabrics are generally manufactured with the addition of Lycra or spandex to provide you with the comfort and flexibility you need to move freely while maintaining contact with your horse. Avoid the temptation to wear something light and baggy form home while on a trail or pleasure ride. They will not protect you from chaffing and they can be potentially dangerous, especially out on a trail ride.

Cotton is the traditional fabric of choice for summer riding. Lightweight and breathable, it assists your body’s efforts at staying cool. There are many excellent choices of summer horse riding clothes on the market today. You can purchase the ultra-light Light Cotton Knee Patch Breeches, Cotton Schoolers, which can serve as a liner during the winter months, Ribb Full Seat Breeches or Aerocool Full Seat Breeches, that wick away moisture very rapidly to keep you dry and comfortable.

Bamboo is another material that makes the perfect summer horse riding apparel. Sustainable, strong and comfortable, bamboo horse riding apparel is good for you and good for the planet. This easily renewable resource provides all the comfort and breathability you need for a safe and comfortable summer trail or pleasure ride. Some styles of bamboo horse riding apparel incorporate TechnoWeave, which includes Lycra for a snug, yet breathable fit. Wearing the appropriate summer horse riding apparel goes a long way to help you stay cool and comfortable…and keep drinking that water!

By simply wearing the appropriate summer horse riding clothes, using the correct horse riding equipment and staying hydrated, you and your horse can enjoy many hours of summer trail and pleasure riding without putting yourselves at risk of heat stroke or hypothermia.

Anne Coyle is a writer for The Equestrian Corner. They provide high quality horse riding apparel and horse riding equipment that will help you to stay safe, cool and comfortable in the summer heat.

 

Sports Jogging That Strengthens Bones

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women jogging photo

Photo by Ed Yourdon

Jogging or running is one type of exercise that is easy for us to do. However, we need to know that running is a high impact physical activity for some people, especially for women. But, recently there is a study that reveals good news for us, that running can improve bone health even if only briefly.

As reported by Women’s Health, a study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology, scientists from the University of Exeter and the University of Leicester revealed that there is a clear connection between exercise and bone health in women.

In this study involving more than 2,500 women, aimed to compare their level of activity as measured by monitors on the wrist and bone health as measured by ultrasound on intricate bones.

From the study it was found that women who performed a high intensity run for 60 to 120 seconds each day had better bone health 4 percent than those who did it for less than a minute.

Bone health is 6 percent better for those who run for more than two minutes.

In addition to good bone health and strong, serves to sustain the body and can reduce the risk of bone diseases such as osteoporosis and fractures in the old days.

Correct posture- the key to success in Golf

The objective while playing golf is to have the ball in the gaps with the base number of strokes. Selecting the kind of position which is best for you to a great extent decides your prosperity rate in the golf. Appropriate position relies on upon different elements, for example, body edge, stature and sexual orientation. A decent golfer is one who knows how to swing splendidly. A golfer who is get ready how to swing ought to recline until they feel some play in their feet to accomplish the right stance.

Jerking the toes will offer one to see how great some assistance with being his stance before he is motivating prepared to take the swing. Keeping the feet situated in right arrangement is the most down to earth strategy by which one can upgrade swing. The feet should be opposite and lined up straight to the planned course of the shot. Amid any sort of swing yet the drive shot, the golf ball must be completely focus between your feet. The sole special case to this speculation is the point at which the golf ball is on the slant.

While one is getting to know playing golf, he ought to take care of business a Range Golf Ball Washer. What does a golf ball washer do? It cleans the golf ball, so one won’t discover his hands to wind up filthy and face hindrance by scouring his ball physically taking after every opening or every time it gets grimy. An average golf ball washer utilizes swarms and a cleanser to scour the grime off the ball. Golf ball washers have had an everlasting effect on the game of golf, and will keep on doing as such later on. By keeping your ball clean, you’ll not just make yourself look more expert while playing … yet, you’ll additionally play better permitting the ball to carry out its employment uninhibited by earth or grime.

A decent quality golf ball picker is likewise required. A decent picker is suitable for any Golf Driving Range and can get to 100,000 Golf Balls for each day. There are different models accessible in various outlines that give usefulness as per client needs.

Great golfers ought to dependably guarantee that he is better than average shape. A considerable measure of extending and in the meantime staying hydrated are two imperative prerequisites important for playing great golf. Ensure you do get a lot of extending in furthermore stay hydrated. Staying fit as a fiddle can advantage your golf amusement specifically.

Body weight and structure of a golf player is not the same as another golf player. A golf club that is ideal for a player won’t not be that much suitable for another golf player. Getting the club that suits your body will help your swing.

The more you play and the more individuals you play with, the more change you will find in your diversion. Take a full breath before you swing at the ball. This will quiet you so you can give full regard for tending to the ball.

It is constantly proposed to have the best quality green supplies to guarantee that every time one plays the amusement, it is of the best level.

Be Smart When Bodybuilding Understanding The Dangers

Many people are attracted to the sport of bodybuilding for a variety of reasons. Whether you want to gain a more impressive appearance, improve your health with strenuous exercise, or simply partake in a unique and engaging hobby, bodybuilding can be the ideal sport to occupy your time.

However, bodybuilding certainly does not come without its risks. In fact, bodybuilding is generally considered to be one of the most dangerous sports that you can partake in. Bodybuilding tests the limits of your strength to the max, and this can have disastrous effects when you are not exceptionally careful. All bodybuilders must understand the possible dangers that accompany this sport before proceeding with their hobby.

The first potential risk that is associated with bodybuilding is unnatural muscle growth. The point of bodybuilding is to add heft and power to your muscles, allowing you to become physically stronger than your competitor. Participants of this sport accomplish the task of bulking up through regular, strenuous exercise and through special high-protein diets. Many people try to boost their muscle size as quickly as they can in order to succeed in this sport as soon as possible; unfortunately, this is a very dangerous practice. Your body cells need time in order to build your muscles correctly. When you exercise, you break down the fibers that comprise your muscles. Your body cells respond by using dietary protein to rebuild your muscles at a bigger and stronger magnitude than they ever were before. If you do not allow your body a sufficient amount of time to complete this building process, you will only wear away at your muscles day after day. This can possibly make you weaker and damage your muscles beyond natural repair.

The diet that is traditionally linked with the bodybuilding sport also poses potential health risks. Bodybuilders need protein and plenty of it. This is why many bodybuilders consume enormous amounts of meats and eggs; the high proportion of protein in these foods is needed in order to rebuild their muscles. However, consuming too many of these products can have disastrous side effects. Red meats and eggs are very high in saturated fat, which has been very closely linked to heart disease in several scientific studies. Bodybuilders oftentimes eat too many of these foods, leading to an increase in body fat and many detriments to their overall health. Bodybuilders must ensure that they eat a balanced diet, even if this means that their progression in this sport may slow down somewhat.

Finally, the sport of bodybuilding can be simply exhausting. Most people are not acclimated to the constant stress that bodybuilding places on them. If you try to improve your bodybuilding skills too quickly, you can easily burn yourself out. Many bodybuilders have been hospitalized after working out too hard, too long, and too often.

All sports have their own risks, and bodybuilding is no exception. People should not be deterred by the dangers that are presented by bodybuilding; however, if they choose to participate in this sport, then they must do so carefully and wisely. Your health is always more important than any sport.

Sport Chic uma nova releitura do moletom feminino.

Com o estilo sport chic super em alta o moletom feminino fez muito sucesso na ltima temporada europeia, sendo usados em diversas produes criativas e estilosas.

Notamos que cada vez mais as roupas informais e confortveis ganham espao na moda, tanto em temporadas outono-inverno quanto temporadas das estaes primavera-vero.

Seja o moletom simples, com estampa ou desenhos essa pea cool vem em novas releituras de estampas e compe looks cada vez mais fashion, aumentando o leque de opes de ocasies para seu uso.

A dica para o look no cair em um look despojado e sim na linha sport chic,  mistur-lo com peas mais requintadas, como roupas bordadas, com brilho, uma maquiagem mais elaborada e at mesmo um sapato ou sandlia de salto alto.

Os mais vistos e queridos pelas principais fashionistas, foram os modelos da marca Kenzo, que mesmo custando em torno de $250,00 teve rapidamente suas peas esgotadas depois que saram das passarelas para venda.

No entanto, com a tendncia em alta  possvel encontrar novas releituras de bluses de moletom nas lojas para dar o toque moderno no visual. Os da marca Aloha From Deer apresentam infindveis modelos originais e prontos para arrasar qualquer guarda-roupa.

As estampas da marca Sexy Sweaters tambm tomam conta de toda a pea e a escolha das ilustraes ou fotos so incrveis.

Enfim, saber que aquele moletom que tnhamos muita preguia de tirar quando chegvamos da escola agora est de volta como uma “it” pea e pode nos deixar estilosas mais um dos benefcios que s a moda pode causar a muitas de ns, estilo e bem estar.

E ai meninas, curtiram o retorno dessa moda? :**

Timely Services for Snowboard Manufacturer Making Famous

Since there has been mountains secured with snow, the session of snowboarding has been entirely basic. This amusement is these days coming into the roads and parks, where moves are being completed by experience significant others with the snowboards. In a way the snowboard maker is keeping occupied with assortment of outlines and custom sheets for the experts and additionally beginners. At whatever point the request seeks the interest for UK snowboards, there are these makers occupied with the snowboard making. In this ways, they are energetic to fulfill the clients, who are experts and additionally beginners. For experts, there are particular requests, which are given by them so they can do the moves as and when there is the interest. Be that as it may, beginners are additionally looking for the rush of such amusements, for which they need something which is suitable for them. Henceforth, UK snowboards are being intended for both these sorts of experience partners.

* Making the snowboards according to the prerequisite of the snowboarders

In the meantime, it is crucial to produce the all mountain snowboard, remembering the requests of the snowboarders. They are of various levels of mastery and henceforth need distinctive sheets. This is the place the custom snowboards are brought into the photo. Redone sheets are outlined by the producer, so that there are adequate measures of sheets, which can be utilized by the knowledgeable players furthermore the novices. Yet, the essential component in such instances of modified loads up is the convenient assembling, so that these aficionados can play the amusements and enjoy the enterprise sports, at whatever point they are willing to take up their boots. All mountain snowboard is accordingly a significant basic component for the producers, which are sought after among the devotees.

* Designed with the finest materials and known not renowned in the business sector

The UK snowboards are surely understood in the business sector, in light of the fact that these are composed with fastidious accuracy and are outlined with the best materials. These are makers since quite a while and some of them have been proficient snowboarders. Thus, they can take a shot at the board, after the clients give their outlines, which can shift from the funkiest styles to that of straightforward plans. Such snowboard maker have the ability to outline a wide range of sheets, a large portion of which are altered and can be esteemed for the diverse sort of their plans, their quality and quick fascination.

* Value for cash and the snowboards the value the buy from surely understood producers

Taking these out to the snowboarding enterprise is certain to pull in consideration from alternate snowboarders. This will give heaps of mileage as far as the quality, if purchased from the makers of the all mountain snowboard. Such materials are justified regardless of the time and cash, in light of the fact that these are outlined with hand and moving machines and their adaptability is suited for the distinctive sorts of recreations that one can play in the snow or in the unpleasant territories of parks and streets. Such buys of the UK snowboards will undoubtedly give the worth for the cash when purchasers get these devices and apparatuses for their donning eagerness.

Accelerated Horse Riding Instruction Secrets

If you want to make the most of your horse riding instruction and learn to ride horses really well in the shortest amount of time possible, here are a few secrets just for you:

Multiplying Your Practice Time

Learning to ride horseback, like anything else, is a skill that comes with practice. But horse riding instruction can be expensive and often your riding time is limited to one or twice a week, usually on weekends. So how can you practice enough to get really good when you are limited to an hour or two a week? After all, it is said that to become good at any skill you need to have put in about 500 hours of practice …and about 3000 hours to become a master! Well, by that rule, with a weekly horse riding instruction session of 1 hour, it would take you about 9 and a half years to get good! I don’t know about you but that seems an awfully long time. Fortunately there are some ways you can multiply the effects of your horse riding instruction that won’t cost you a fortune. And you’ll become a better horse rider in the process.

The Riding School in Your Mind

You can use mental rehearsal to practice horse back riding in your mind! The reason little girls get so good at riding so fast is partly due to the fact that they obsess about horses and horse riding and spend so much of their freetime thinking about horse riding, talking about horses, reading equestrian books and day dreaming about being on horseback. This is the perfect recipe for getting good at something. Added to good instruction of course! So when you have your riding lessons, make sure you pay full attention. Be right in the moment and be aware of how your body feels as you ride the horse. Really observe everything about being on horse back as you ride around the ménage or riding school area. Listen to the sounds of the horses hooves, its breathing, the clink of the harness or the clicks and taps of its shoes as its feet occasionally clip one another. Notice any smells in the air and store all this sensory information in your memory banks. As soon as you get home, make some notes about the major things you learnt in your lesson that day, and any things that you have to work on for next week. Also note down any observations you had during your lesson — even if they seem unrelated to riding — like the fact your instructor had a coffee stain in the shape of Kansas on her T-shirt. This will all help to lock in your lesson. Then at odd times when you can, just sit quietly and replay your horse riding lesson in your mind’s eye. Go through it again and again. Feel yourself back in the saddle, holding the reins, your feet in the stirrups. And relive that lesson — only in your imagination you can do it better. When you are practising in your mind’s eye, you can be a perfect rider, totally confident and skillful.
The ideal time to practice mental rehearsal is last thing at night as you go to sleep, and first thing in the morning when you wake up. But the more you do it, the better it is. You should see rapid improvements in your horse riding ability as you go to your weekly instruction classes.

In the Hoofsteps of the Masters

Another secret to accelerating the affects of your horse riding instruction is to copy great riders. There are 3 simple ways to do this.

1. Get a mentor.

You can watch someone who is a great rider at your riding school and try and copy the way they ride. Just spend some time observing them around horses. Be like an actor rehearsing for a part. Gradually build up your inner picture of what it is to be that person. Notice everything about the way they get on a horse, how they sit in the saddle, the way they hold the reins. Look closely at the set of their face. Are they tense or relaxed? Are they comfortable enough to smile? Notice their breathing… and imagine yourself getting on a horse, sitting in the saddle, holding the reins, and breathing, just like that great rider. Befriend that person if you can and get their advice and tips… otherwise just observe them secretly and absorb what they know about riding confidently.

2. Create an equestrian book library.

Your mind will benefit by absorbing the principles of riding, so plunder your local library for books on horses and riding, or create your own personal library of equestrian books to which you can refer frequently. Seeing pictures of people riding will fill your mind with the images of ‘how to ride’ that it needs. Reading actual written instructions can help you cement the lessons you are taught at your horse riding instruction sessions. If you have fallen in love with horses and with horse riding, you’ll be happy to read all about them — it will fuel your passion and excitement and your mind will gallop to help you achieve what you want: to become a great horse rider.

3. Watch DVDs of great horse riders.

When I first learnt to ride, one of my heroes was a famous British showjumper called Harvey Smith. I used to think he was brilliant and wanted to be like him, so I would always watch the showjumping on TV and cheer him on and imagine I was him. I also bought or was given a set of Pony Club videos. These showed some Pony Club kids getting riding instruction in a beautiful part of Great Britain. And again I used to imagine I was there, riding my horse over those training poles. The more opportunities you get to see and observe horse riding, the more information your mind has to work with. By feeding your brain with movies of good horse riding you help form a mental map of what great riding is all about. If you have a particular equestrian hero, you can create an imaginary meeting with that person, in which you have them stand in front of you with their back turned to you, and the you ‘step inside’ them and ‘become’ that person. You imagine looking out of their eyes, feeling what they feel, hearing what they hear. And you get on your hero’s horse and you ride that horse as your hero. This little exercise has been used successfully to accelerate ability in many fields of endeavor — so why don’t you use it to accelerate your horse riding instruction?

 

 

How to have a very fruitful bass fishing expedition

Angling is fun and exceptionally energizing approach to kill time. Be that as it may, it is just exciting on the off chance that you do get the chance to find something. Bass angling is a standout amongst the most prominent exercises in numerous parts of North America. It is no big surprise why everybody who says they are going angling, they will say that they need to catch some bass. This types of fish is such a great amount of less demanding to get than generally others. The sheer number of these fish makes them simple to get to. In any case, in as much as it is said they are simpler to catch, it doesn’t imply that you will really have a simple time getting them. You will need to utilize some bass angling baits and additionally these tips and traps to get the fish.

Procedures to utilize

When you go out angling, it is constantly imperative to recall that it is not just about tossing your line into the water and trusting that there is some eager bass that is prepared to take the lure. Getting loads of these fish more often than not comes down to the best possible utilization of these procedures underneath. Mastering them will enhance your angling aptitudes for getting bass as well as you can simply ahead and arrive some other rather subtle fish.

Bass are exceptionally timid fish. When they are not exceptionally dynamic and are stowing away in thick cover then you will must be calm on the off chance that you need to get any. The best strategy that you can utilize to get into the thick and shallow waters without spooking the fish is to either pitch or flip. They generally appear like comparative methods however they are fairly unique in relation to each other.

Pitching is maybe the most favored technique for the two since it has a tendency to be simpler. The line ought to be let out simply enough so it is even with the reel. The reel ought to be kept open. Bring down the bar tip towards the water and with your free hand get it together of the bait. Pull on hold to include strain. Relinquish the bait in a smooth movement while swinging the pole tip up. This will send the goad towards the objective. When the reel lands, make a point to close the reel since bass frequently strike quick.

While pitching is simpler, it is not as exact as flipping. This may take a touch of rehearsing yet once you get the opportunity to ace it you will be in for an ordeal and a large portion of each time you are out angling. Let out around 8-15 feet of the line and after that close the reel. Get hold of the line that is between the primary pole guide and the reel then extend your arm to the side while pulling on hold. Continue to raise the bar so that the trap now swings towards your bearing and utilizing a pendulum movement, toss the goad to the area you want. Take care of the staying slack and get ready for a strike. It might appear to be cumbersome at first yet then it is a truly perfect approach to catch some bashful bass.

Select the baits shrewdly

It is essential to require some investment to choose the lure. There are a few unique sorts of trap accessible for bass angling. There are the energizing surface draws. You get the opportunity to get the fish right from the surface of the water. There are the crankbaits which come very supported in competitions since they cover a substantial region. Spinner snares are additionally great. They are precarious however they are magnificent for an angling undertaking. They create astonishing results in pretty much any sort of water and any day.

Cycling Performance Socks

The special gear that one must wear in for specific or specialized sports can be very important so that the players can function properly and bond as a team. The technique of the game, the rules, and the dress all fit together when it comes to a sports team. Players dress just alike which forms a special team spirit that helps the team gel and work through their differences in culture and personalities to be one team. A team that looks alike and moves ahead with the same goal in common can be a team that works together great.

For the sport of cycling, cycling socks, cycling apparel and cycling gear are an important part of the teams dress code. The teams gear can change as they play different teams and different games. So many sports have special performance socks as a big part of their uniforms. There are many reasons why good performance socks in sports and games are indispensable to the teams uniform.

Cycling happens to be a game full of vitality and vigor. It requires intense concentration and it can be difficult for the teammates if they dont have discipline and practice.

Cycling is a sport that focuses on the use of the legs and feet to balance, add speed and maneuver the performance of the players. This makes it extremely important to take precautions to protect the feet and legs from the constant wear and tear that the sport puts on them.

Cycling is a popular sport because the competition level is so high and the game is considered very prestigious. Because the main portion of the game involves the feet, the cycling socks play a major part and are very necessary.

These high performance socks are made out of a breathable material that is able to resist any excess sweating or water accumulating on the feet. If any sweating or water does form, it will evaporate quickly with these specialized socks. With the feet being pressured the entire time one is cycling, the material of the socks has to be comfortable enough so it does not bother the team players performance. The material that the socks are made of should always be soft and never made from synthetic materials. There is not a fast enough evaporation process with synthetic material which can cause excessive sweating on the feet making them slippery.

Cycling gear and cycling apparel have a lot of value to a team. They promote the teams in all their cycling performances and can be designed specifically for your team. These socks can be mass produced and have team logos or special team names put on them to give the team that extra special look. There is a nice market today for custom made sporting socks, especially for the cycling teams.

Artificial Football Pitch Offers An Excellent Playing Surface

Next time you go to watch your favourite football match take a closer look at the football pitch. What looks like perfectly mowed, lush green grass on the football pitch is not natural grass, but artificial grass.

Manufactured from synthetic materials like polypropylene or polyethylene, an artificial turf pitch can be used for a number of sports, including football, hockey, baseball, athletics, tennis, and many more. FIFA and UEFA have endorsed these synthetic sports surfaces due to their features of durability, slip resistance, shock absorbency, and most importantly, their need for minimal maintenance. The artificial sports surfaces comprise a solid base, which is designed to offer stability to the top layer of synthetic grass fibres. The base also offers an effective drainage system, making the synthetic turf ready for play in all weather conditions. The top layer, also known as the man-made grass carpet, is made of artificial grass fibres tufted onto a backing cloth and in -filled with sand or a mixture of sand and rubber granules. However, some varieties of artificial sports pitches may not be in -filled with sand or rubber. These are known as water based sports pitches.

Yet another advantage offered by artificial sports surfaces is that their playing characteristics can be altered significantly by changing the length and density of the fibres. At the recreational level, a football pitch featuring artificial grass with sand infill and needle-punch carpets is adequate. Such a football pitch also has a shock pad just beneath the top layer which protects the players from injuries.

On the other hand, elite level football is played on third generation artificial grass. These “next generation” or “third generation” artificial grass surfaces are generally regarded as being about as safe to play as natural grass. In this case, the football pitch comprises grass fibres that are made of a soft material known as polyethylene. These fibres are dressed with a mixture of rubber crumbs and sand. Such a football pitch offers the same playing qualities as that of natural grass. FIFA favours more thinly spaced longer fibres for their soccer turf.

Artificial grass is also used for making synthetic athletic surfaces. It consists of SBR granules blended with polyurethane binders in a special mixing machine which when applied to the surface creates a durable, porous, and uniform track. Such a slip resistant track offers more protection to athletes.